Quick Reference

Harvest Type: Continuous harvest

Transplant/Direct Sow:  Direct sowing is preferred.  Transplant using peat pots.

When to Plant:  When soil temperatures are 40-70°F.  Start seeds indoors 4-5 weeks before the average last frost date.

Days to Germinate:  7-14 days

Days to Maturity:  60-70 days

Planting Depth:  ½ - 1” deep

Germination Temp:  40-70°F

Seed Spacing:  2” apart

Rows: 12-24” apart

Light:  Full sun

Soil pH:  6.0-7.5 pH

Water:  1” of water per week

Soil Temperature:  40-70°F

Fertilizer:  10-10-10 N-P-K ratio. Switch to 5-10-10 N-P-K ratio when the peas begin to set blossoms.


Harvest Type
Pea plants produce a continuous harvest throughout the growing season.

Transplant / Direct Sow
It is best to direct sow pea seeds. Their roots are fragile, and they do not like the transplanting process. You can grow them indoors and then transplant them to the garden if you grow them in peat pots. Plant the entire pot to avoid wicking water.

When to Plant:
Sow seeds directly outdoors 2-3 weeks before your last average frost date. Pea seeds do best when the soil temperature is 60-70°F, but will germinate in soils as cool as 40°F.

Days to germinate
It takes pea seeds 7-14 days to germinate.

TIP: Seed germination is risky at cooler temperatures - aim for 60-70°F for transplanting and direct sowing.

Days to maturity
It takes about 60-70 days for peas to produce a harvest.

Planting Depth
Plant seeds at 1/2-1" deep.

Germination Temperature Range
Peas will germinate with soil temperatures of 40°F, but they do best when the soil is 60-70°F.

Spacing Between Plants
Space pea seeds 2" apart and space rows 12-24" apart.

TIP: Soak pea seeds overnight in plain water to speed up germination.

Growing conditions
Pea plants perform best when planted in fertile soil. You can increase yield by switching to a phosphorous-rich fertilizer when the plants begin to set blooms. Keep peas well-watered, but do not let the ground become soggy.

Rotation of pea crops is not necessary as these are nitrogen-fixing plants. However, it is beneficial for your garden if you rotate peas and beans into spaces where heavy feeding plants have been.

Anticipated yields
TIP: Use successive planting to extend pea plant harvest.

Plan your garden yield at 25-30 pea plants per person. Plan on 2-6 pounds of peas per 10-foot of row space.

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