Quick Reference

Harvest Type:  Single or continuous

Transplant/Direct Sow:  Direct sow or transplant

When to Plant:  2-3 weeks before the last average frost date.

Days to Germinate:  9-11 days

Days to Maturity:  130-140 days

Planting Depth:  1⁄8” deep

Germination Temp:  Night temperature above 60°F

Seed Spacing:  6-10” apart, or start 1-2” apart and thin.

Rows:  24" apart

Light:  Full sun to partial shade with at least 5-7 hours of full sun.

Soil pH:  5.8-6.8 pH

Water:  1-2” of water per week

Soil Temperature:  50-60°F

Fertilizer:  Celery needs mild fertilizer. Use a 5-10-10 N-P-K ratio

fertilizer or dig compost into each row to 18" before planting.

Rotation:  Annually


Harvest Type

Celery can be a single harvest or a continuous crop. Snip stalks as needed, or you can cut the whole plant at the roots.

TIP: Celery will almost always come back to produce more celery if cut from the root.

Transplant / Direct Sow

Transplant seedlings or direct sow seeds.

When to Plant:

Plant seeds 2-3 weeks before the last average frost dates. Transplant seedlings when they have 5-6 leaves. Celery is a cool-loving crop.  You can plant in fall for winter/fall gardens or in Spring for a spring/summer harvest.

Days to germinate

9-11 days in full sun.

Days to maturity

It takes about 130-140 days for full maturity.

TIP: Use successive planting to stretch your yield.

Planting Depth

Plant seeds 1/8" deed.

Germination Temperature Range

60°F soil

Spacing Between Plants

Space celery plants 6-10" apart and sow seeds 1-2" apart and thin.

Growing conditions

Celery is easy to grow in full sun and with slightly acidic soil. Water more often than most vegetables at 1-2" of water per week.

Companion Plants

In cooler climates, tomatoes make an excellent companion crop for celery; in warmer locations, plant celery with spinach, greens, lettuce, or brassica plants such as broccoli.


Rotate annually to avoid bacterial and insect pest issues

Anticipated yields

Plan your garden yield at five plants per person.

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